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What Are Cataracts?

Table of Contents

How Do I know If Cataract Surgery Is Right For Me?

Sometimes it may be difficult to know if Cataract Surgery is necessary, before making that decision an appointment is made for a full examination where you will be able to discuss your decision with your doctor and determine if it’s the right time for you!

What Types Of Cataracts Are There?

Nuclear Cataracts – these affect the center of the lens which may present as making objects in the distance harder to see while objects up close appear clear. For a short time your reading vision may even appear improved, but as these cataracts progress the lens slowly turns yellow or brown, which can sometimes lead to difficulty telling colors apart as well as worsening vision overall.

Cortical Cataracts – these affect the outer edge of the lens, starting as wedge-shaped white spots or streaks on the outer lens cortex. As this cataract progresses it tends to affect light passing through the lens causing glare and halos.

Posterior Sub-capsular Cataract – these usually start as a small part in the back of the eye directly where light passes through. These cataracts often affect reading vision, and cause haloes and glares, and are are fast growing.

Congenital Cataract – these are cataracts some people are born with, or develop during early childhood. They can be passed down genetically, or caused by trauma in the womb or as a young child.

Some Things You May Consider...

Has night driving become more difficult?

-Do the glare of headlights and reflections impede my ability to see drastically regardless of time of day? -Am I still able to participate comfortably in any fine detail oriented activity, such as sewing, needlepoint, photography, painting etc., model train building, etc. -Do I have trouble reading? -Even though I have glasses, they don’t really help me in all the ways I require. -Do I feel unable to live independently due to my lack of visual acuity?

These are not the only things to consider, if you have other concerns please contact for a consultation.

I'm Still Not Sure, What Options Are There?

With such common need for clearer vision, there are quite a few options made available for you to find the perfect fit for your level of comfort and  lifestyle. From how the procedure is done to what type of lens you can have, you will be able to have a full discussion with one of our doctors as well as surgery schedulers to ensure your surgery is tailored exactly how YOU want it.

Risk Factors

Many people don’t realize that their lifestyle can heavily affect their eye health and cataract progression, some of these risks include:
• Diabetes
• Increasing age
• Inadequate protection from the sun / over-exposure to the sun
• Smoking
• Obesity
• History of physical trauma or ocular inflammation
• History of ocular surgery
• Prolonged or excessive use of corticosteroid medication
• Drinking excessive alcohol

Can Cataracts Be Prevented?

Although there is no scientific findings to definitively prevent or slow cataract progression, there are steps you can take to prevent them from affecting for quality of life. Some of these steps include:

• 
Routine Eye Exams – With regular dilated exams you are more likely to catch Cataracts in the earliest stages.

• Don’t smoke, and avoid excessive alcohol consumption – if you are having trouble quitting smoking or managing habits ask a member of your healthcare team to learn about resources for help

• Manage other health issues – chronic health issues such as diabetes if left untreated can cause severe damage to your vision and increase your risk of cataracts.

• Choose a healthy lifestyle – increasing your intake of leafy greens and fruits to your diet can help ensure you’re consuming enough vitamins, minerals and antioxidants which help eye health. Currently there isn’t enough scientific evidence to prove Antioxidant in pill form can prevent cataracts, but studies have proven a diet rich in fruits and vegetables for these vitamins and minerals can help reduce the risk of developing cataracts.

Contact us today to make an appointment for an exam and get all your questions answered!

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